Rufus Putnam leads his Ohio Company men ashore at "the Point" on April 7th, 1788.
Captain Pipe and his Delaware people were there to meet them.
A Campus Martius feast to celebrate the Indian treaty.
Campus Martius' main gate after the Indian War began.
The first Fourth of July was celebrated with a great feast.
Great amounts of alcohol were consumed.
For the "First Fourth" feast everyone wore their finest.
The "French 500" who were abandoned on the frontier.
General Harmar escorts the ladies from the fort to the Fourth of July celebration.
Giant, hollow sycamore trees often provided pioneers with shelter.
Native American villages were not close to the Ohio Company settlements.
Using a cave for shelter.
A captive is taken away.
Chiefs assemble at Fort Harmar for a peace treaty in 1789.
Kitt Putnam , a free man, got his name as a servant of Col. Isreal Putnam.
Kitt Putnam became the first black man to vote in the Northwest Territory.
The milita during the Indian War included men of all ages.
Writing of the hardships during the Indian War.
Many settlers had been officers during the American Revolutionary War.
Native Americans in winter camp.
The Ohio Company hired "spies" and "Rangers" to protect them from the Native Indians.
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When Rufus Putnam and his band of New Englanders stepped onto the Ohio shore to establish the town of Marietta, they were about to begin one of the most important, and yet little known, chapters in American history. Their landing spot at the confluence of the Muskingum and Ohio Rivers, was on the edge of America's wildest frontier. Their undertaking was, indeed, of epic proportions.
The Ohio Company built Campus Martius as the civilian fortification to house settlers until they could move out to their newly purchased land. It was constructed of four inch thick sawn planks. It was a magnificent building and a very spectacular sight to wilderness travelers. Besides Marietta, the Ohio Company established two additional settlements in the second year. One of them was Belle Prairie, today's Belpre, situated in a lush river bottom where the best farmers lived. The fortified compound on the riverbank was known as "Farmer's Castle."
These pioneers, primarily Revolutionary War officers and men, began the newly formed United States' official westward movement across the Allegheny Mountains and across the Ohio River to settle the Old Northwest Territory, including what would become the state of Ohio. In doing so, they established the pattern of settlement that would eventually extend across the entire nation. And they set a high moral tone which they hoped would be an example for the future nation to follow. Rufus Putnam and his Ohio Company men were truly visionaries.
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Teachers and educators should look at our special "Teacher Edition" which has been carefully and expertly expanded into a great teaching tool with additional video segments on the DVD and a complete CD-ROM providing many helpful teaching aids and suggestions to assist in meeting the 4th and 8th grade Ohio Social Studies and Language Arts Benchmarks and Indicators.
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